Why are we working in Zambia?
In 2014, Zambia was among the countries with the highest levels of under-nutrition in the world and these levels have remained high—around 40%—even when the country has achieved significant growth in agricultural production. About 60% of Zambia’s population lives in rural areas where poverty levels are estimated to be as high as 75%. This factor alone makes most rural households highly dependent on agriculture, the natural forests, and woodlands for their livelihoods including food provision and income generation. The problem of poor nutrition is compounded by other issues such as food insecurity, inadequate access to clean and safe water, sanitation and gender.
SANI Project Baseline Data for Zambia
In March 2017, CARE collected baseline data through household surveys of 735 women and children in Mpika and Shiwa Ng’andu Districts in Zambia. View the infographic which shows the current nutrition situation in Zambia for women and children, as well as some key, gender-related findings.
1. Children’s (under 5) Nutrition
- 16% are underweight
- 46% are stunted
- 79% do not meet minimum acceptable diet
- 24% had diarrhea in the past 2 weeks
- 70% of all babies are exclusively breastfed
2. Women’s (15‐49) Nutrition
- 15% face moderate to severe hunger
- 44% do not meet minimum dietary diversity
- 10% have acute malnourishment
- 19% walk more than 30 minutes to collect water
- 30% of households get drinking water from an improved water source
3. Gender‐related Findings
- 61% of women manage land for crops, however only 28% have decision-making power about its use
- 91% of women have attended school, however 30% of these women did not complete primary education, and 63% cannot read a whole sentence
- 68% do not work for income outside the home