Why are we working in Malawi?
Malawi is a low-income developing country and is ranked 174 out of 186 countries surveyed in the UNDP’s Human Development Index of 2014 -- more than half the population (50.7%) continues to live in poverty. The agricultural sector employs 80% of Malawi’s population, and 60% of the population relies on subsistence agriculture. Moreover, a 2014 USAID assessment concluded that undernutrition in women and children remains a persistent public health and development challenge in Malawi. Nearly half of all children suffer from chronic undernutrition (stunting) and micronutrient deficiencies, including iron and vitamin A.
SANI Project Baseline Data for Malawi
In March 2017, CARE collected baseline data through household surveys of 708 women and children in Dowa and Ntchisi Districts in Malawi. View the infographic which shows the current nutrition situation in Malawi for women and children, as well as some key, gender-related findings.
1. Children’s (under 5) Nutrition
- 13% are underweight
- 38% are stunted
- 92% do not meet minimum acceptable diet
- 54% had diarrhea in the past 2 weeks
- 68% of all babies are exclusively breastfed
2. Women’s (15‐49) Nutrition
- 3 in 4 face moderate to sever hunger
- 82% do not meet minimum dietary diversity
- 2% have acute malnourishment
- 34% walk more than 30 minutes to get water
- 77% of households get drinking water from an improved water source
3. Gender-Related Findings
- 89% of women manage land for crops, however only 16% have decision-making power about its use
- 91% of women have attended school, however 37% of these women did not complete primary education and 40% cannot read a whole sentence
- 11% do not work for income outside the home